The Legal Heritage of Greece and Rome
The ancient Greeks were among the first to develop a concept of aw that separated everyday law from religious beliefs. Before the Greeks :nost civilizations attributed their laws to their gods or goddesses, Instead, :be Greeks believed that laws were made by the people for the people.
In the seventh century B.C., Draco* drew up Greece's first comprehensive written code of laws. Under Draco's code death was the punishment for most offences. Thus, the term draconian usually applies to extremely harsh measures.
Several decades passed before Solon poet, military hero, and ultimately Athens' lawgiver - devised a new code oflaws. Trial by jury, an ancient Greek tradition was retained, but enslaving debtors was prohibited as were most of the harsh punishments ofDraco' s code. Under Solon's law citizens of Athens were eligible to serve in the assembly and courts were established in which they could appeal government decisions.
What the Greeks may have contributed to the Romans was the concept of "natural law." In essence, natural law was based on the belief that certain basic principles are above the laws of a nation. These principles arise from the nature of people. The concept of natural law and the development of the first true legal system had a profound effect on the modem world.
Юридическое(Законное) Наследие Греции и Рима
Древние Греки были среди первого, чтобы развить понятие(концепцию) ай, которое отделило каждодневный закон от религиозных верований. Прежде, чем Греки
Понятие(концепция) естественного права и развития первой истинной правовой системы имело глубокий эффект на мир модема.